Japan Rail Pass (JRP) is a discount train ticket offered by 6 companies that make up the Japan Railways Group (JR Group), allowing unlimited travel by rail and bus throughout Japan over 7, 14 or 21 consecutive day period in either ordinary or green (first) class seat. It is the most economical and convenient way to travel throughout Japan by train. Please be aware, however, some restrictions may apply. The pass is not valid for “NOZOMI” and “MIZUHO”trains on the TOKAIDO & SANYO SHINKANSEN lines.
The Area Pass (or Regional Pass) is also the discount train tickets that cover travel of a particular geographic area of Japan. It can be used for limited area only. The map below shows the area passes differentiated by the coloured areas and to be used within the respective area only. (JR Pass is for nationwide travelling within Japan.)